CAT woodlands play host to a number of different types of conifer. In some areas they are scattered among other trees, and in others they form small plantations. Conifers are valuable trees because they have a habit of growing straight quickly. This is a very useful characteristic. Many are also very durable. CAT has a good number of large conifers including Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), larch (Larix spp.) and western red cedar (Thuja plicata), the timber of which can be used outdoors.
We manage our conifer by thinning to encourage increment and high pruning. Removing side branches by high pruning prevents knots forming in the timber. Many people do not realise that knots are a consequence of the tree growing wider and enveloping a side branch. We hope that over the years our trees will yield straight, knot free timber for the mill (see conversion and processing).